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### Fit an rectangle into another rectangle B
bassklampfe
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 9:26 AM

Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle with
given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle touches the
outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I need a formula to
calculate x and y from given a,b,w

http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2988/rect-in-rect.png

I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem.
(OpenSCAD script below)

If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see
fit_for_given_x(x) )
Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y'

--
Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/

Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle with given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle touches the outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I need a formula to calculate x and y from given a,b,w <http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2988/rect-in-rect.png> I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem. (OpenSCAD script below) If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see fit_for_given_x(x) ) Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y' -- Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ NH
nop head
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 9:50 AM

I think you need to know the height of the internal rectangle as there are
many ways to place one of width w that give different heights.

On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 09:27, bassklampfe jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de
wrote:

Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle
with given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle
touches the outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I need
a formula to calculate x and y from given a,b,w

I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem.
(OpenSCAD script below)

If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see
fit_for_given_x(x) )
Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y'

// Animation: FPS=5 STEPS=100

a=13;
b=15;

module fit_for_given_x(x)
{
y=b-(b/2+sqrt(xx+bb/4-ax));
w=sqrt(x
x+y*y);

`````` inner_rect=[[x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y]];
color("blue")linear_extrude(0.01)polygon(points=inner_rect);
color("black")translate([x,0,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("x=",x),size=1,halign="center",valign="top");
color("black")translate([0,y,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("y=",y),size=1,halign="right",valign="center");
color("black")translate([x/2,y/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("w=",w),size=1,halign="left",valign="bottom");
``````

}

if(is_num(\$t))
{
if(\$t>0)if(\$t<1)
{
fit_for_given_x(a*\$t);
}
}

color("black")translate([a/2,b,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("a=",a),size=1,halign="center",valign="bottom");
color("black")translate([a,b/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("b=",b),size=1,halign="left",valign="center");

outer_rect=[[0,0],[0,b],[a,b],[a,0]];
color("yellow")linear_extrude(0.001)polygon(points=outer_rect);

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at Nabble.com.

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I think you need to know the height of the internal rectangle as there are many ways to place one of width w that give different heights. On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 09:27, bassklampfe <jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de> wrote: > Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle > with given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle > touches the outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I need > a formula to calculate x and y from given a,b,w > > > > I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem. > (OpenSCAD script below) > > If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see > fit_for_given_x(x) ) > Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y' > > > // Animation: FPS=5 STEPS=100 > > a=13; > b=15; > > module fit_for_given_x(x) > { > y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*x+b*b/4-a*x)); > w=sqrt(x*x+y*y); > > inner_rect=[[x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y]]; > color("blue")linear_extrude(0.01)polygon(points=inner_rect); > color("black")translate([x,0,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("x=",x),size=1,halign="center",valign="top"); > color("black")translate([0,y,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("y=",y),size=1,halign="right",valign="center"); > color("black")translate([x/2,y/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("w=",w),size=1,halign="left",valign="bottom"); > } > > if(is_num(\$t)) > { > if(\$t>0)if(\$t<1) > { > fit_for_given_x(a*\$t); > } > } > > color("black")translate([a/2,b,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("a=",a),size=1,halign="center",valign="bottom"); > color("black")translate([a,b/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("b=",b),size=1,halign="left",valign="center"); > > outer_rect=[[0,0],[0,b],[a,b],[a,0]]; > color("yellow")linear_extrude(0.001)polygon(points=outer_rect); > > > ------------------------------ > Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive <http://forum.openscad.org/> > at Nabble.com. > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org > B
bassklampfe
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 10:18 AM

Nope. As long as 'a' < 'b' there is only one solution of 'x' and 'y' for a
given 'w'. Animation makes this pretty clear. (Please keep in mind, we talk
about rectangles)

Or can you show me a second solution for  a=13,b=15,w=9.16399 (from
screenshot)? I'd be very interested.

If 'a' > 'b' there are some 'w' values, which have no possible no solution,
(in case of 'xx+bb/4-a*x' gets negative) but I don't care about these,
because I can assure, 'a' < 'b' for my special use case.

--
Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/

Nope. As long as 'a' < 'b' there is only one solution of 'x' and 'y' for a given 'w'. Animation makes this pretty clear. (Please keep in mind, we talk about *rectangles*) Or can you show me a second solution for a=13,b=15,w=9.16399 (from screenshot)? I'd be very interested. If 'a' > 'b' there are some 'w' values, which have no possible no solution, (in case of 'x*x+b*b/4-a*x' gets negative) but I don't care about these, because I can assure, 'a' < 'b' for my special use case. -- Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ WH
Will Hardiman
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 10:43 AM

Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all 4
corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with nop head
on this, the ratio of w to h matters.

On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 10:18, bassklampfe jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de
wrote:

Nope. As long as 'a' < 'b' there is only one solution of 'x' and 'y' for a
given 'w'. Animation makes this pretty clear. (Please keep in mind, we talk
about rectangles)

Or can you show me a second solution for  a=13,b=15,w=9.16399 (from
screenshot)? I'd be very interested.

If 'a' > 'b' there are some 'w' values, which have no possible no
solution, (in case of 'xx+bb/4-a*x' gets negative) but I don't care about
these, because I can assure, 'a' < 'b' for my special use case.

Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive http://forum.openscad.org/
at Nabble.com.

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To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org

Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all 4 corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with nop head on this, the ratio of w to h matters. On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 10:18, bassklampfe <jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de> wrote: > Nope. As long as 'a' < 'b' there is only one solution of 'x' and 'y' for a > given 'w'. Animation makes this pretty clear. (Please keep in mind, we talk > about *rectangles*) > > Or can you show me a second solution for a=13,b=15,w=9.16399 (from > screenshot)? I'd be very interested. > > If 'a' > 'b' there are some 'w' values, which have no possible no > solution, (in case of 'x*x+b*b/4-a*x' gets negative) but I don't care about > these, because I can assure, 'a' < 'b' for my special use case. > > ------------------------------ > Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive <http://forum.openscad.org/> > at Nabble.com. > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org > JO
jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 11:00 AM

Question: Have you LOOKED at the animation??? It explains more than 1000
words.

The both restrictions

• both outer and inner must be rectangular
• inner must touch outer with one edge at each side

enforce one only solution for x.

If I have x, I can easily calculate

y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*(x-a)+b*b/4));

and I can also calculate the length of the other side of the inner
rectangle (let's call it v)

v=sqrt((a-x)(a-x)+(b-y)(b-y));

Am 25.03.21 um 11:43 schrieb Will Hardiman:

Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all
4 corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with
nop head on this, the ratio of w to h matters.

Question: Have you LOOKED at the animation??? It explains more than 1000 words. The both restrictions * both outer and inner must be rectangular * inner must touch outer with one edge at each side enforce one only solution for x. If I have x, I can easily calculate y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*(x-a)+b*b/4)); and I can also calculate the length of the other side of the inner rectangle (let's call it v) v=sqrt((a-x)*(a-x)+(b-y)*(b-y)); Am 25.03.21 um 11:43 schrieb Will Hardiman: > Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all > 4 corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with > nop head on this, the ratio of w to h matters. > NH
nop head
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 1:10 PM

Yes if you specify x and y there is only one w and h that works but if you
just have a line of length w you can place it at any x and get a
corresponding y and then project at right angles to get the other two
points giving different h values depending on the initial x.

On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 11:01, jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de wrote:

Question: Have you LOOKED at the animation??? It explains more than 1000
words.

The both restrictions

• both outer and inner must be rectangular
• inner must touch outer with one edge at each side

enforce one only solution for x.

If I have x, I can easily calculate

y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*(x-a)+b*b/4));

and I can also calculate the length of the other side of the inner
rectangle (let's call it v)

v=sqrt((a-x)(a-x)+(b-y)(b-y));

Am 25.03.21 um 11:43 schrieb Will Hardiman:

Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all
4 corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with
nop head on this, the ratio of w to h matters.

OpenSCAD mailing list
To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org

Yes if you specify x and y there is only one w and h that works but if you just have a line of length w you can place it at any x and get a corresponding y and then project at right angles to get the other two points giving different h values depending on the initial x. On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 11:01, <jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de> wrote: > Question: Have you LOOKED at the animation??? It explains more than 1000 > words. > > The both restrictions > > * both outer and inner must be rectangular > * inner must touch outer with one edge at each side > > enforce one only solution for x. > > If I have x, I can easily calculate > > y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*(x-a)+b*b/4)); > > and I can also calculate the length of the other side of the inner > rectangle (let's call it v) > > v=sqrt((a-x)*(a-x)+(b-y)*(b-y)); > > > > > > > Am 25.03.21 um 11:43 schrieb Will Hardiman: > > Are you asserting that if the inner rectangle had half the height, all > > 4 corners would touch the outer edges in the same places? I am with > > nop head on this, the ratio of w to h matters. > > > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org > B
bassklampfe
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 2:27 PM

Sorry, but no.

I did as you suggested. Lets have a=13, b=15, w=9 (to be similar to
screenshot of animation)
I place the line at an arbitrary location touching a and b, create two right
angles. (did this with Inkscape).
But – SURPRISE – they don't fit on the other side creating a rectangle.

See
http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2988/Other-W.png
There is only ONE x, where the two dotted lines will match, believe me...

--
Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/

Sorry, but no. I did as you suggested. Lets have a=13, b=15, w=9 (to be similar to screenshot of animation) I place the line at an arbitrary location touching a and b, create two right angles. (did this with Inkscape). But – SURPRISE – they don't fit on the other side creating a rectangle. See <http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2988/Other-W.png> There is only ONE x, where the two dotted lines will match, believe me... -- Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ NH
nop head
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 2:47 PM

Ok, yes I see the problem now.

I think by symmetry and similar triangles y / x = (a-x) / (b- y). And x^2 +
y^2 = w^2, so you have to solve those two simultaneous equations.

On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 14:27, bassklampfe jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de
wrote:

Sorry, but no.

I did as you suggested. Lets have a=13, b=15, w=9 (to be similar to
screenshot of animation)
I place the line at an arbitrary location touching a and b, create two
right angles. (did this with Inkscape).
But – SURPRISE – they don't fit on the other side creating a rectangle.

See

## There is only ONE x, where the two dotted lines will match, believe me...

Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive http://forum.openscad.org/
at Nabble.com.

OpenSCAD mailing list
To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org

Ok, yes I see the problem now. I think by symmetry and similar triangles y / x = (a-x) / (b- y). And x^2 + y^2 = w^2, so you have to solve those two simultaneous equations. On Thu, 25 Mar 2021 at 14:27, bassklampfe <jjvb-openscad@bassklampfe.de> wrote: > Sorry, but no. > > I did as you suggested. Lets have a=13, b=15, w=9 (to be similar to > screenshot of animation) > I place the line at an arbitrary location touching a and b, create two > right angles. (did this with Inkscape). > But – SURPRISE – they don't fit on the other side creating a rectangle. > > See > > There is only ONE x, where the two dotted lines will match, believe me... > ------------------------------ > Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive <http://forum.openscad.org/> > at Nabble.com. > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org > N
NateTG
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 4:48 PM

I tried to solve this algebraically, and ended up with a quartic in x that
doesn't look like it has easy solutions at first glance:

4x^4 - 4a x^3 + (a^2 + b^2 - 4w^2 ) x^2 + 2 w a x + (w^4- b^2 w^2) = 0

--
Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/

I tried to solve this algebraically, and ended up with a quartic in x that doesn't look like it has easy solutions at first glance: 4x^4 - 4a x^3 + (a^2 + b^2 - 4w^2 ) x^2 + 2 w a x + (w^4- b^2 w^2) = 0 -- Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ RW
Ray West
Thu, Mar 25, 2021 5:08 PM

When you've solved that, then consider a room, say 14ft by 12ft, and you
need to cut a scaffold plank, 1 foot wide, with square ends, so that it
fits exactly diagonally across the corners, as a platform for artexing
the ceiling, say. What length plank is required?  (The four corners of
the plank touch the walls). Has to be a formula, no iterative
process/drawing allowed.

On 25/03/2021 09:26, bassklampfe wrote:

Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle
with given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle
touches the outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I
need a formula to calculate x and y from given a,b,w

I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem.
(OpenSCAD script below)

If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see
fit_for_given_x(x) )
Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y'

// Animation: FPS=5 STEPS=100

a=13;
b=15;

module fit_for_given_x(x)
{
y=b-(b/2+sqrt(xx+bb/4-ax));
w=sqrt(x
x+y*y);

``````  inner_rect=[[x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y]];
color("blue")linear_extrude(0.01)polygon(points=inner_rect);
color("black")translate([x,0,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("x=",x),size=1,halign="center",valign="top");
color("black")translate([0,y,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("y=",y),size=1,halign="right",valign="center");
color("black")translate([x/2,y/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("w=",w),size=1,halign="left",valign="bottom");
``````

}

if(is_num(\$t))
{
if(\$t>0)if(\$t<1)
{
fit_for_given_x(a*\$t);
}
}

color("black")translate([a/2,b,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("a=",a),size=1,halign="center",valign="bottom");
color("black")translate([a,b/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("b=",b),size=1,halign="left",valign="center");

outer_rect=[[0,0],[0,b],[a,b],[a,0]];
color("yellow")linear_extrude(0.001)polygon(points=outer_rect);

Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive
http://forum.openscad.org/ at Nabble.com.

OpenSCAD mailing list
To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org

When you've solved that, then consider a room, say 14ft by 12ft, and you need to cut a scaffold plank, 1 foot wide, with square ends, so that it fits exactly diagonally across the corners, as a platform for artexing the ceiling, say. What length plank is required?  (The four corners of the plank touch the walls). Has to be a formula, no iterative process/drawing allowed. On 25/03/2021 09:26, bassklampfe wrote: > Task is to fit a rectangle with given width 'w' into another rectangle > with given size 'a' x 'b', so that all four edges of inner rectangle > touches the outer rectangle ( at [x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y] ). Now I > need a formula to calculate x and y from given a,b,w > > > > I have made an animation, which illustrates the problem. > (OpenSCAD script below) > > If 'x' is known, solution is simple to calculate 'y' and 'w'. (see > fit_for_given_x(x) ) > Now I need a function fit_for_given_w(w) to calculate 'x' and 'y' > > > // Animation: FPS=5 STEPS=100 > > a=13; > b=15; > > module fit_for_given_x(x) > { > y=b-(b/2+sqrt(x*x+b*b/4-a*x)); > w=sqrt(x*x+y*y); > > inner_rect=[[x,0],[0,y],[a-x,b],[a,b-y]]; > color("blue")linear_extrude(0.01)polygon(points=inner_rect); > color("black")translate([x,0,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("x=",x),size=1,halign="center",valign="top"); > color("black")translate([0,y,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("y=",y),size=1,halign="right",valign="center"); > color("black")translate([x/2,y/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("w=",w),size=1,halign="left",valign="bottom"); > } > > if(is_num(\$t)) > { > if(\$t>0)if(\$t<1) > { > fit_for_given_x(a*\$t); > } > } > > color("black")translate([a/2,b,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("a=",a),size=1,halign="center",valign="bottom"); > color("black")translate([a,b/2,0])linear_extrude(0.02)text(str("b=",b),size=1,halign="left",valign="center"); > > outer_rect=[[0,0],[0,b],[a,b],[a,0]]; > color("yellow")linear_extrude(0.001)polygon(points=outer_rect); > > ------------------------------------------------------------------------ > Sent from the OpenSCAD mailing list archive > <http://forum.openscad.org/> at Nabble.com. > > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > To unsubscribe send an email to discuss-leave@lists.openscad.org
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