[OpenSCAD] How to translate a complex object ?

Clément Dewulf clement.dewulf at student.uclouvain.be
Tue Oct 25 10:17:57 EDT 2016


I want to translate an object but I can't do it by doing

translate([0,0,-12]) {
{
...
}
}


Then I don't know how to do it for this script :

/* 'Nut Job' nut, bolt, washer and threaded rod factory by Mike Thompson
1/12/2013, Thingiverse: mike_linus
 * v2 8/12/2013 - added socket head types
 * v3 2/11/2014 - adjusted wing nut algorithm for better behaviour with
unusual nut sizes and added ISO262 metric references
 *
 * This script generates nuts, bolts, washers and threaded rod using the
library
 * script: polyScrewThead.scad (modified/updated version
polyScrewThread_r1.scad)
 * http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:8796, CC Public Domain
 *
 * Defaults are for a 8mm diameter bolts, rod, matching nuts and wing nuts
that work well together
 * without cleanup or modification. Some default parameters such as the nut
outer diameter are deliberately
 * altered to produce a snug fit that can still be hand tightened. This may
need to be altered
 * depending on individual printer variances, slicing tools, filament etc.
Suggest printing a matching
 * bolt and nut and adjusting as necessary.  Note: slow print speeds, low
temperatures and solid
 * fill are recommended for best results.
 */

/* [Component Type] */


type = "nut";//[nut,bolt,rod,washer]

/* [Bolt and Rod Options] */

//Head type - Hex, Socket Cap, Button Socket Cap or Countersunk Socket Cap
(ignored for Rod)
head_type               = "countersunk";//[hex,socket,button,countersunk]
//Distance between flats for the hex head or diameter for socket or button
head (ignored for Rod)
head_diameter     = 20;
//Height of the head (ignored for Rod)
head_height   = 5;
//Distance between inner socket points for socket and button head types
(ignored for Hex head and Rod)
socket_diameter     = 10;
//Outer diameter of the thread
thread_outer_diameter     = 9;
//Thread step or Pitch (2mm works well for most applications ref. ISO262:
M3=0.5,M4=0.7,M5=0.8,M6=1,M8=1.25,M10=1.5)
thread_step     = 2;
//Step shape degrees (45 degrees is optimised for most printers ref.
ISO262: 30 degrees)
step_shape_degrees = 45;
//Length of the threaded section
thread_length   = 20;
//Resolution (lower values for higher resolution, but may slow rendering)
resolution     = 0.5;
//Countersink in both ends
countersink   = 2;
//Length of the non-threaded section
non_thread_length = 0;
//Diameter for the non-threaded section (-1: Same as inner diameter of the
thread, 0: Same as outer diameter of the thread, value: The given value)
non_thread_diameter = 0;

/* [Nut Options] */

//Type: Normal or WingNut
nut_type                      = "normal";//[normal,wingnut]
//Distance between flats for the hex nut
nut_diameter     = 16;
//Height of the nut
nut_height   =4;
//Outer diameter of the bolt thread to match (usually set about 1mm larger
than bolt diameter to allow easy fit - adjust to personal preferences)
nut_thread_outer_diameter     = 9;
//Thread step or Pitch (2mm works well for most applications ref. ISO262:
M3=0.5,M4=0.7,M5=0.8,M6=1,M8=1.25,M10=1.5)
nut_thread_step     = 2;
//Step shape degrees (45 degrees is optimised for most printers ref.
ISO262: 30 degrees)
nut_step_shape_degrees = 45;
//Resolution (lower values for higher resolution, but may slow rendering)
nut_resolution     = 10; //valeur de résolution standard = 0.5

wing_radius=nut_height;

/* [Washer Options] */

//Inner Diameter (suggest making diameter slightly larger than bolt
diameter)
inner_diameter = 8;
//Outer Diameter
outer_diameter = 14;
//Thickness
thickness = 2;

//Hex Bolt
if (type=="bolt" && head_type=="hex")
{
hex_screw(thread_outer_diameter,thread_step,step_shape_degrees,thread_length,resolution,countersink,head_diameter,head_height,non_thread_length,non_thread_diameter);
}

//Rod
if (type=="rod")
{
hex_screw(thread_outer_diameter,thread_step,step_shape_degrees,thread_length,resolution,countersink,head_diameter,0,non_thread_length,non_thread_diameter);
}

//Hex Nut (normally slightly larger outer diameter to fit on bolt correctly)
if (type=="nut" && nut_type=="normal")
{
hex_nut(nut_diameter,nut_height,nut_thread_step,nut_step_shape_degrees,nut_thread_outer_diameter,nut_resolution);
}

//Wing Nut variation of hex nut. Cylinders added to each side of nut for
easy turning - ideal for quick release applications
if (type=="nut" && nut_type=="wingnut")
{
rotate([0,0,30])hex_nut(nut_diameter,nut_height,nut_thread_step,nut_step_shape_degrees,nut_thread_outer_diameter,nut_resolution);
//nut
translate([(nut_diameter/2)+wing_radius-1,1.5,4])rotate([90,0,0])wing();
//attach wing
mirror(1,0,0)translate([(nut_diameter/2)+wing_radius-1,1.5,4])rotate([90,0,0])wing();
//attach wing
}

module wing()
{
difference()
{
cylinder(r=wing_radius,h=3,$fn=64); //cylinder
union()
{
translate([-wing_radius,-wing_radius-1,-0.5])cube([wing_radius*2,wing_radius/2,4]);
//remove overhang so flush with base of nut
rotate([0,0,90])translate([-wing_radius,wing_radius-1,-0.5])cube([wing_radius*2,wing_radius/2,4]);
//remove overhangs so flush with side of nut
}
}
}

//Washer
if (type=="washer")
{
difference()
{
cylinder(r=outer_diameter/2,h=thickness,$fn=100);
translate([0,0,-0.1])cylinder(r=inner_diameter/2,h=thickness+0.2,$fn=100);
}
}

//Socket Head Bolt
if (type=="bolt" && head_type!="hex")
{
difference()
{
socket_screw(thread_outer_diameter,thread_step,step_shape_degrees,thread_length,resolution,countersink,head_diameter,head_height,non_thread_length,non_thread_diameter);
}
}

module socket_screw(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs,df,hg,ntl,ntd)
{
    ntr=od/2-(st/2)*cos(lf0)/sin(lf0);

difference()
{
    union()
    {
        if (head_type=="socket")
{
socket_head(hg,df);
}
        if (head_type=="button")
{
button_head(hg,df);
}

        if (head_type=="countersunk")
{
countersunk_head(hg,df);
}

        translate([0,0,hg])
        if ( ntl == 0 )
        {
           cylinder(h=0.01, r=ntr, center=true);
        }
        else
        {
            if ( ntd == -1 )
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl+0.01, r=ntr, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs),
center=false);
            }
            else if ( ntd == 0 )
            {
                union()
                {
                    cylinder(h=ntl-st/2,
                             r=od/2, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);

                    translate([0,0,ntl-st/2])
                    cylinder(h=st/2,
                             r1=od/2, r2=ntr,
                             $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl, r=ntd/2, $fn=ntd*PI/rs, center=false);
            }
        }
        translate([0,0,ntl+hg]) screw_thread(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs);
    }
cylinder(r=socket_diameter/2,h=3.75,$fn=6); //socket
translate([0,0,3.75])cylinder(r1=socket_diameter/2,r2=0,h=socket_diameter/2,$fn=6);
//socket tapers at base to allow printing without support and improve
socket grip
}
}

module socket_head(hg,df)
{
rd0=df/2/sin(60);
x0=0; x1=df/2; x2=x1+hg/2;
y0=0; y1=hg/2; y2=hg;

intersection()
{
  cylinder(h=hg, r=rd0, $fn=60, center=false);

rotate_extrude(convexity=10, $fn=6*round(df*PI/6/0.5))
polygon([ [x0,y0],[x1,y0],[x2,y1],[x1,y2],[x0,y2] ]);
}
}

module button_head(hg,df)
{
rd0=df/2/sin(60);
x0=0; x1=df/2; x2=x1+hg/2;
y0=0; y1=hg/2; y2=hg;

intersection()
{
  cylinder(h=hg, r1=socket_diameter/2 + 1, r2=rd0, $fn=60, center=false);

rotate_extrude(convexity=10, $fn=6*round(df*PI/6/0.5))
polygon([ [x0,y0],[x1,y0],[x2,y1],[x1,y2],[x0,y2] ]);
}
}

module countersunk_head(hg,df)
{
rd0=df/2/sin(60);
x0=0; x1=df/2; x2=x1+hg/2;
y0=0; y1=hg/2; y2=hg;

intersection()
{
  cylinder(h=hg, r1=rd0, r2=thread_outer_diameter/2-0.5, $fn=60,
center=false);

rotate_extrude(convexity=10, $fn=6*round(df*PI/6/0.5))
polygon([ [x0,y0],[x1,y0],[x2,y1],[x1,y2],[x0,y2] ]);
}
}

/* Library included below to allow customizer functionality
 *
 *    polyScrewThread_r1.scad    by aubenc @ Thingiverse
 *
 * This script contains the library modules that can be used to generate
 * threaded rods, screws and nuts.
 *
 * http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:8796
 *
 * CC Public Domain
 */

module screw_thread(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs)
{
    or=od/2;
    ir=or-st/2*cos(lf0)/sin(lf0);
    pf=2*PI*or;
    sn=floor(pf/rs);
    lfxy=360/sn;
    ttn=round(lt/st+1);
    zt=st/sn;

    intersection()
    {
        if (cs >= -1)
        {
           thread_shape(cs,lt,or,ir,sn,st);
        }

        full_thread(ttn,st,sn,zt,lfxy,or,ir);
    }
}

module hex_nut(df,hg,sth,clf,cod,crs)
{

    difference()
    {
        hex_head(hg,df);

        hex_countersink_ends(sth/2,cod,clf,crs,hg);

        screw_thread(cod,sth,clf,hg,crs,-2);
    }
}


module hex_screw(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs,df,hg,ntl,ntd)
{
    ntr=od/2-(st/2)*cos(lf0)/sin(lf0);

    union()
    {
        hex_head(hg,df);

        translate([0,0,hg])
        if ( ntl == 0 )
        {
            cylinder(h=0.01, r=ntr, center=true);
        }
        else
        {
            if ( ntd == -1 )
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl+0.01, r=ntr, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs),
center=false);
            }
            else if ( ntd == 0 )
            {
                union()
                {
                    cylinder(h=ntl-st/2,
                             r=od/2, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);

                    translate([0,0,ntl-st/2])
                    cylinder(h=st/2,
                             r1=od/2, r2=ntr,
                             $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl, r=ntd/2, $fn=ntd*PI/rs, center=false);
            }
        }

        translate([0,0,ntl+hg]) screw_thread(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs);
    }
}

module hex_screw_0(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs,df,hg,ntl,ntd)
{
    ntr=od/2-(st/2)*cos(lf0)/sin(lf0);

    union()
    {
        hex_head_0(hg,df);

        translate([0,0,hg])
        if ( ntl == 0 )
        {
            cylinder(h=0.01, r=ntr, center=true);
        }
        else
        {
            if ( ntd == -1 )
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl+0.01, r=ntr, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs),
center=false);
            }
            else if ( ntd == 0 )
            {
                union()
                {
                    cylinder(h=ntl-st/2,
                             r=od/2, $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);

                    translate([0,0,ntl-st/2])
                    cylinder(h=st/2,
                             r1=od/2, r2=ntr,
                             $fn=floor(od*PI/rs), center=false);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                cylinder(h=ntl, r=ntd/2, $fn=ntd*PI/rs, center=false);
            }
        }

        translate([0,0,ntl+hg]) screw_thread(od,st,lf0,lt,rs,cs);
    }
}

module thread_shape(cs,lt,or,ir,sn,st)
{
    if ( cs == 0 )
    {
        cylinder(h=lt, r=or, $fn=sn, center=false);
    }
    else
    {
        union()
        {
            translate([0,0,st/2])
              cylinder(h=lt-st+0.005, r=or, $fn=sn, center=false);

            if ( cs == -1 || cs == 2 )
            {
                cylinder(h=st/2, r1=ir, r2=or, $fn=sn, center=false);
            }
            else
            {
                cylinder(h=st/2, r=or, $fn=sn, center=false);
            }

            translate([0,0,lt-st/2])
            if ( cs == 1 || cs == 2 )
            {
                  cylinder(h=st/2, r1=or, r2=ir, $fn=sn, center=false);
            }
            else
            {
                cylinder(h=st/2, r=or, $fn=sn, center=false);
            }
        }
    }
}

module full_thread(ttn,st,sn,zt,lfxy,or,ir)
{
  if(ir >= 0.2)
  {
    for(i=[0:ttn-1])
    {
        for(j=[0:sn-1])
assign( pt = [ [0,                  0,                  i*st-st
 ],
                        [ir*cos(j*lfxy),     ir*sin(j*lfxy),
i*st+j*zt-st       ],
                        [ir*cos((j+1)*lfxy), ir*sin((j+1)*lfxy),
i*st+(j+1)*zt-st   ],
[0,0,i*st],
                        [or*cos(j*lfxy),     or*sin(j*lfxy),
i*st+j*zt-st/2     ],
                        [or*cos((j+1)*lfxy), or*sin((j+1)*lfxy),
i*st+(j+1)*zt-st/2 ],
                        [ir*cos(j*lfxy),     ir*sin(j*lfxy),     i*st+j*zt
         ],
                        [ir*cos((j+1)*lfxy), ir*sin((j+1)*lfxy),
i*st+(j+1)*zt      ],
                        [0,                  0,                  i*st+st
         ] ])
        {
            polyhedron(points=pt,
               triangles=[ [1,0,3],[1,3,6],[6,3,8],[1,6,4],
[0,1,2],[1,4,2],[2,4,5],[5,4,6],[5,6,7],[7,6,8],
[7,8,3],[0,2,3],[3,2,7],[7,2,5] ]);
        }
    }
  }
  else
  {
    echo("Step Degrees too agresive, the thread will not be made!!");
    echo("Try to increase de value for the degrees and/or...");
    echo(" decrease the pitch value and/or...");
    echo(" increase the outer diameter value.");
  }
}

module hex_head(hg,df)
{
rd0=df/2/sin(60);
x0=0; x1=df/2; x2=x1+hg/2;
y0=0; y1=hg/2; y2=hg;

intersection()
{
  cylinder(h=hg, r=rd0, $fn=6, center=false);

rotate_extrude(convexity=10, $fn=6*round(df*PI/6/0.5))
polygon([ [x0,y0],[x1,y0],[x2,y1],[x1,y2],[x0,y2] ]);
}
}

module hex_head_0(hg,df)
{
    cylinder(h=hg, r=df/2/sin(60), $fn=6, center=false);
}

module hex_countersink_ends(chg,cod,clf,crs,hg)
{
    translate([0,0,-0.1])
    cylinder(h=chg+0.01,
             r1=cod/2,
             r2=cod/2-(chg+0.1)*cos(clf)/sin(clf),
             $fn=floor(cod*PI/crs), center=false);

    translate([0,0,hg-chg+0.1])
    cylinder(h=chg+0.01,
             r1=cod/2-(chg+0.1)*cos(clf)/sin(clf),
             r2=cod/2,
             $fn=floor(cod*PI/crs), center=false);}
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